TLS certificate pinning is a way to verify that the public key used to sign the servers certificate has not changed. It is "pinned".
When negotiating a TLS or SSL connection, the server sends a certificate indicating its identity. A public key is extracted from this certificate and if it does not exactly match the public key provided to this option, curl will abort the connection before sending or receiving any data.
You tell curl a file name to read the sha256 value from, or you specify the base64 encoded hash directly in the command line with a
sha256//prefix. You can specify one or more hashes like that, separated with semicolons (;).
curl --pinnedpubkey "sha256//83d34tasd3rt…" https://example.com/
This feature is not supported by all TLS backends.