HSTS is short for HTTP Strict-Transport-Security. It is a defined way for a server to tell a client that the client should prefer to use HTTPS with that site for a specified period of time into the future.
Here is how you use HSTS with libcurl.
libcurl primarily features an in-memory cache for HSTS hosts, so that subsequent HTTP-only requests to a hostname present in the cache gets internally "redirected" to the HTTPS version. Assuming you have this feature enabled.
Enable HSTS for a handle
HSTS is enabled by setting the correct bitmask using the CURLOPT_HSTS_CTRL option with curl_easy_setopt(). The bitmask has two separate flags that can be used, but CURLHSTS_ENABLE is the primary one. If that is set, then this easy handle how has HSTS support enabled.
The second flag available for this option is CURLHSTS_READONLYFILE, which if set, tells libcurl that the filename you specify for it to use as a HSTS cache is only to be read from, and not write anything back to.
Set a HSTS cache file
If you want to persist the HSTS cache on disk, then set a filename with the CURLOPT_HSTS option. libcurl reads from this file at start of a transfer and writes to it (unless it was set read-only) when the easy handle is closed.