You set options in the easy handle to control how that transfer is going to be done, or in some cases you can actually set options and modify the transfer's behavior while it is in progress. You set options with curl_easy_setopt() and you provide the handle, the option you want to set and the argument to the option. All options take exactly one argument and you must always pass exactly three parameters to the curl_easy_setopt() calls.
Since the curl_easy_setopt() call accepts several hundred different options and the various options accept a variety of different types of arguments, it is important to read up on the specifics and provide exactly the argument type the specific option supports and expects. Passing in the wrong type can lead to unexpected side-effects or hard to understand hiccups.
The perhaps most important option that every transfer needs, is the URL. libcurl cannot perform a transfer without knowing which URL it concerns so you must tell it. The URL option name is CURLOPT_URL as all options are prefixed with CURLOPT_ and then the descriptive name — all using uppercase letters. An example line setting the URL to get the http://example.com HTTP contents could look like:
CURLcode ret = curl_easy_setopt(easy, CURLOPT_URL, "http://example.com");
Again: this only sets the option in the handle. It does not do the actual transfer or anything. It just tells libcurl to copy the given string and if that works it returns OK.
It is, of course, good form to check the return code to see that nothing went wrong.
There is no way to extract the values previously set with curl_easy_setopt(). If you need to be able to extract the information again that you set earlier, we encourage you to keep track of that data yourself in your application.